Symptoms list

Women have oestrogen receptors on every cell in their bodies. This means that without oestrogen, there are many different symptoms that can occur. Some women experience very few symptoms whereas others experience many. In addition, symptoms can vary with time so some women may find that their hot flushes and sweats improve and then develop…

Antidepressants and Menopause

Changes to women’s moods, emotions and state of mind during the perimenopause and menopause are extremely common; it is often the primary reason menopausal women first go to see their doctor or nurse. Is low mood during the perimenopause and menopause the same as depression? Can taking antidepressants help this type of low mood and/or…

Vaginal Dryness

This page aims to answer your questions about vaginal dryness including what it is, the problems it can cause and the treatments available. What is vaginal dryness? The hormone estrogen keeps your vagina healthy by acting as a natural lubricant. It also stimulates the cells in the lining of your vagina to encourage the presence…

Menopause and Clots

Can I take HRT if I have an increased risk of a blood clot? This factsheet provides information about HRT for women who have a risk (or history) of blood clots. It has been written jointly by Thrombosis UK and Dr Louise Newson, GP and menopause specialist When women reach the menopause, many suffer with…

The myths vs the facts

HRT is the most effective way to treat symptoms of the perimenopause and menopause, as well as protecting your bones and reducing the risk of a number of health issues, including cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. However, studies show that only around one in ten menopausal women who would benefit from HRT actually take it. Myth:…

HRT and breast cancer

The risk of breast cancer is many women’s main concern when they’re considering taking HRT. This is mainly due to a 2002 study by the Women’s Health Initiative that claimed HRT was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer and cardiovascular disease. Fortunately this study has since been re-examined, and new research shows that,…

Brain fog

Brain fog is a very common symptom of the perimenopause and menopause, and many women say that their brains feel like ‘cotton wool’. You might have noticed that you’re increasingly forgetful, can’t remember names, lose your keys, write endless to do lists, and find it hard to retain information. This can make it especially hard…

Common misdiagnoses

You might be familiar with the more common symptoms of the perimenopause and menopause, such as hot flushes, night sweats and irregular periods. But fluctuating hormone levels can cause a surprising array of symptoms that you don’t necessarily associate with menopause, including low mood, anxiety, fatigue, memory problems and joint pains. Unfortunately, a lack of…